The Southern province, a home to the nation’s leading teaching and research institution-The National University of Rwanda, is believed to bring together large parts of the former provinces of Butare, Gitarama and Gikongoro. This province is said to have its headquarters at the historical town of Nyanza and is the historical present day cultural as well as intellectual capital of Rwanda.
In this district is where the National Museum and the King’s court, which continue to attract a considerable number of tourists are found. The Southern Province shares its Southern border with the provinces of Ngozi and kayanza of Burundi, it shares its Eastern border with Kigali city, as well as the Eastern province and Kirundo (Burundi), it shares the northern one with the Northern province, while in the west it borders the Western province.
In the recent redistricting arrangemen, the province got 8 new districts which include; Komanyi, Muhanga, Huye, Gisagara, Ruhango, Nyaruguru, Nyamagabe as well as Nyanza and all these are being headed by Mr. Evariste Kabere, who is assisted by the Provincial Executive Secretariat (P.E.S)-Ms Izabiliza Jeanne.
In addition to commerce, mines and services that make an economic domain, thee are other areas where people who mainly live in rural areas indulge, and those are agricultural and animal husbandry.
Meanwhile, it is mainly by road transport, that people move and even transport the goods.